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History of Baghdad

About Baghdad

  Baghdad is the capital of the Republic of Iraq, the centre of the province of Baghdad., with a population of almost 7,216,040 people according to the latest statistics in 2011 AD, that makes it the largest city in Iraq and the second largest city in the Arab world after Cairo and the second largest city in Western Asia after Tehran, capital of Iran. It is also considered the economical, administrative and educational centre in the country.

  Abbasid caliph al-Mansur built Baghdad from 762 AD to 764 AD in the sixth decade of the eighth century AD, corresponding to a century (AH II) and considered it the capital of the Abbasid Empire ,Baghdad became a prominent place under their rule. It was one of the most important centers of learning and a forum for scientists and scholars for several centuries. The significance of the site of Baghdad is in the availability of water and the decrease of the dangers of flooding, which in turn led to the expansion of the city and increase its influence as well as ease of contact across the Tigris by bridges that link it with the left side of the river. The ancient city of Baghdad has many names like the round city, AlZawraa' and Dar Alsalaam. Tigris penetrates the center of the city and divides it into two parts Karkh (western part) and Rusafa (eastern part) Baghdad encountered a lot of foreign invasions and internal fluctuations over the past centuries, the Mongols , the Ottomans , the Elsafoyuen and the English invaded it , where the city suffered greatly during the period of occupation, the latest of which was the U.S. invasion in 2003.

  Baghdad was known for a long time with poets, writers and artists, the city that gave birth to a lot of them, where the cultural movement began to emerge making the city as one of the more influential capitals among the Arab capitals of culture and arts. Dozens of great Iraqi and Arab poets and artists sang for Baghdad. Etymology Abo Jafar al-Mansur built his new capital on the location of the village was known as (Baghdad) since the days of Hammurabi and named it (City of Peace), the paradise, but the people called it mostly the cityof Al-Mansour. Bjaddada was named on a board dating back to the eighteenth century BC, the time of King Hammurabi. Baghdadi was named in a board dating back to 1341- 1316 BC. At another board dating back to the twelfth century BC the name Bjaddado appeared. Reported in a historical document amounts back to 728 BC during the reign of the Assyrian king the third Tglat Flasar of (727 745 BC) Bgdado appeared Abu'l-Fadl Bediuzzaman Hamdani said (968) 1007 AD Name of Baghdad appeared in two of his twenty-fifth Mqamats , where he set up in Alazaveh; I like Alazaz with great delight and I was in Baghdad and. Baghdad in the language of the people of ancient Babylon is composed of two parts meanole orchard or garden, while the second part "Dad" means the beloved , then the meaning of Baghdad becomes a garden lover and his friend and orchard.

         The banks of the Tigris River and Abu Nawas Street

     Rahman Mosque and some neighborhoods in the Mansour district

                 Salhiya residential compound

                          Rahman Mosque

                Palestine Meridien hotels and Ishtar Sheraton

                            Hotel Babylon

                             Baghdad at night

                 Sunset at the Tigris River in Baghdad

             Tahrir Square embraces doves of peace

    Alnidae Mosque and part of the Cairo district in Baghdad

                        Baghdad Tower

                      Imam Musa ibn Ja'far

             Palestine Meridien hotels and Ishtar Sheraton

                     Street and pools Abu Nuwas
                   Baghdad University Gardens

                         Sarafiya bridge

                 Kahramana Square in the Karrada district


University Activities

Department of student affairs and ratifications at Baghdad university holds a workshop on electronic application for evening study 2015/2016
Department of student affairs and ratifications held a workshop on electronic application for evening study 2015/2016 with the attendence of the director...

Campaign to support and donate for the heroes of the Iraqi army and the popular crowd
Center for psychological researches organized in collaboration with the college of physical education and sports science at the university of Baghdad a ...

University president receives a letter of thanks from the Director General of UNESCO
The Director General of UNESCO, Irina Bokova dispatched a letter of thanks to Mr. president of the university of Baghdad, professor Dr. Alaa Abdul ...

Institute of genetic engineering discusses the industrial applications of enzymes
The department of biotechnology in the institute of genetic engineering, university of Baghdad held a symposium entitled "industrial applications ...

The President of Baghdad university keeps abreast of the conduct of final examinations at the college of agriculture
President of the university of Baghdad, professor Dr. Alaa Abdul Hussein Abdul Rasool inspected exam halls in the college...

A lecture by the economic adviser "Mazhar Mohammad Saleh" at the center for international studies
The center of strategic and international studies at the university of Baghdad hosted prof. Dr. Mazhar Mohammed Saleh, the banking...

The president of Baghdad university receives the director general of civil defense
Mr. President of the university of Baghdad, professor Dr. Alaa Abdul Hussein Abdul Rasool received the director general of civil ...

The scientific assistant of the university president inspects the conduct of examinations at the college of administration and economics
The assistant of the university president for scientific affairs, Dr. Osama Abdul Latif visited the college of administration and economics ...

A scientific seminar at the college of nursing on the scientific inimitability in the Holy Quran
Medical and basic sciences department in the college of nursing at the university of Baghdad organized a symposium...

In the presence of the Spanish ambassador, college of languages holds an exhibition documenting its accomplishments for 2014-2015
The unit of media & relations in the college of languages organized its 2nd exhibition that documented its activities during...

College of Islamic sciences celebrates the holy birth of Imam Ali
The deanship of the college of Islamic sciences at the university of Baghdad organized a ceremony on the occasion of the ...

Symposium in the college of engineering calls for the use of solar energy batteries instead of electricity
The department of chemical engineering in the college of engineering, university of Baghdad organized a symposium on the...

Instructors from the college of agriculture succeed in artificial insemination of ostriches and hawks
Researchers from the college of agriculture at the university of Baghdad succeeded in insemination of ostriches and...


- Microphotometer

- “Ayah 3Sx3p-3D-solar” photometer

- The use of oil and anise seed to improve the productive and reproductive performance of different flocks of chickens

- Design of a new type of solar energy systems surfaces with a design that prevents the accumulation of dust using a technique of antenna induction Vibratory

- Removal of cadmium from simulated wastewater be electrodepostion on stainless steel tubes bundle electrode

- AKUL extract shampoo as an effective treatment of scalp inflammation &as best hair conditioner

- AKUL extract as an effective mouth wash

- Bacterial Techniqe to Produce Biophoshate Fertilizer and other Nutrients from Phosphate Rock and Whey

- First semen collection and artificial insemination of ducks and geese in Iraq using modern techniques

- The use of natural antioxidants to reduce the phenomenon of oxidation of fat that naturally occurs during storing fluid of male birds sperm

- Inventing an alternative new technique of Visopan screen microscope for textile scans and Determination of volumetric density and the relative weight of the components of the tissue for 2012

- Ceramic Water Filters

- Production and purification the enzyme glucose Aazomez of isolated local bacteria with studying some of properties and its usage in corn syrup and solution of pure glucose

- Design, Manufacture and Test a device to Measure the Length of Alsarcomir in muscle Fibers for Various Kinds of Meat

- Faculty members of College of Engineering at Baghdad university get Patent

- remove cadmium from contaminated water by electrochemical deposition using tubes of stainless steel package

- Bacterial technology to produce fertilizers Alvesfo - vital and some other elements o fphosphate and whey rock.

- The use of IRAQI METHOD ( uropygiaectomy ) to improve the Fertility and Hatchability in broiler breeded flocks .

- Locally preperd synbiotic and used it for early feeding for broiler chicks

- Local prepared for Automatically machine for loading the liquid material .

- The use of uropygialectomy ( IRAQI METHOD ) to improve broiler performance

- The use of uropygialectomy ( IRAQI METHOD ) to improve sexual activity of cocks

- Surgical removal of uropygial gland ( IRAQI METHOD ) to convert the sterile hen ( non-layer ) to high egg produce hen

- The Treatment of the Collapse of the Gypsum soil by Injection of Ekrelite

- Patent for two Professors of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Baghdad.

- Two professors from the Faculty of Agriculture received a patent.

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