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History of Baghdad

About Baghdad

  Baghdad is the capital of the Republic of Iraq, the centre of the province of Baghdad., with a population of almost 7,216,040 people according to the latest statistics in 2011 AD, that makes it the largest city in Iraq and the second largest city in the Arab world after Cairo and the second largest city in Western Asia after Tehran, capital of Iran. It is also considered the economical, administrative and educational centre in the country.

  Abbasid caliph al-Mansur built Baghdad from 762 AD to 764 AD in the sixth decade of the eighth century AD, corresponding to a century (AH II) and considered it the capital of the Abbasid Empire ,Baghdad became a prominent place under their rule. It was one of the most important centers of learning and a forum for scientists and scholars for several centuries. The significance of the site of Baghdad is in the availability of water and the decrease of the dangers of flooding, which in turn led to the expansion of the city and increase its influence as well as ease of contact across the Tigris by bridges that link it with the left side of the river. The ancient city of Baghdad has many names like the round city, AlZawraa' and Dar Alsalaam. Tigris penetrates the center of the city and divides it into two parts Karkh (western part) and Rusafa (eastern part) Baghdad encountered a lot of foreign invasions and internal fluctuations over the past centuries, the Mongols , the Ottomans , the Elsafoyuen and the English invaded it , where the city suffered greatly during the period of occupation, the latest of which was the U.S. invasion in 2003.

  Baghdad was known for a long time with poets, writers and artists, the city that gave birth to a lot of them, where the cultural movement began to emerge making the city as one of the more influential capitals among the Arab capitals of culture and arts. Dozens of great Iraqi and Arab poets and artists sang for Baghdad. Etymology Abo Jafar al-Mansur built his new capital on the location of the village was known as (Baghdad) since the days of Hammurabi and named it (City of Peace), the paradise, but the people called it mostly the cityof Al-Mansour. Bjaddada was named on a board dating back to the eighteenth century BC, the time of King Hammurabi. Baghdadi was named in a board dating back to 1341- 1316 BC. At another board dating back to the twelfth century BC the name Bjaddado appeared. Reported in a historical document amounts back to 728 BC during the reign of the Assyrian king the third Tglat Flasar of (727 745 BC) Bgdado appeared Abu'l-Fadl Bediuzzaman Hamdani said (968) 1007 AD Name of Baghdad appeared in two of his twenty-fifth Mqamats , where he set up in Alazaveh; I like Alazaz with great delight and I was in Baghdad and. Baghdad in the language of the people of ancient Babylon is composed of two parts meanole orchard or garden, while the second part "Dad" means the beloved , then the meaning of Baghdad becomes a garden lover and his friend and orchard.

         The banks of the Tigris River and Abu Nawas Street

     Rahman Mosque and some neighborhoods in the Mansour district

                 Salhiya residential compound

                          Rahman Mosque

                Palestine Meridien hotels and Ishtar Sheraton

                            Hotel Babylon

                             Baghdad at night

                 Sunset at the Tigris River in Baghdad

             Tahrir Square embraces doves of peace

    Alnidae Mosque and part of the Cairo district in Baghdad

                        Baghdad Tower

                      Imam Musa ibn Ja'far

             Palestine Meridien hotels and Ishtar Sheraton

                     Street and pools Abu Nuwas
                   Baghdad University Gardens

                         Sarafiya bridge

                 Kahramana Square in the Karrada district



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University Activities

Professors of the faculty of language donate their blood to the heroes of the popular crowd and army

A number of the teaching of the college of languages at University of Baghdad in cooperation ...

Symposium on the dangers of plastics at the faculty of science

Central environmental laboratory at the faculty of sciences, University of Baghdad held ...

Faculty of nursing organizes a trip to the marshes of Maysan

Faculty of nursing at University of Baghdad organized a scientific trip to the marshes of Maysan ...

Faculty of languages mourns its martyr Dr. Hassan Abdul Amir

Faculty of languages at University of Baghdad mourns with grieve its martyr Dr. Hassan Abdul Amir ...

Workshop on measurement of scientific research at the department of scientific affairs

Department of scientific affairs at the presidency of University of Baghdad held a workshop ...


- Microphotometer

- “Ayah 3Sx3p-3D-solar” photometer

- The use of oil and anise seed to improve the productive and reproductive performance of different flocks of chickens

- Design of a new type of solar energy systems surfaces with a design that prevents the accumulation of dust using a technique of antenna induction Vibratory

- Removal of cadmium from simulated wastewater be electrodepostion on stainless steel tubes bundle electrode

- AKUL extract shampoo as an effective treatment of scalp inflammation &as best hair conditioner

- AKUL extract as an effective mouth wash

- Bacterial Techniqe to Produce Biophoshate Fertilizer and other Nutrients from Phosphate Rock and Whey

- First semen collection and artificial insemination of ducks and geese in Iraq using modern techniques

- The use of natural antioxidants to reduce the phenomenon of oxidation of fat that naturally occurs during storing fluid of male birds sperm

- Inventing an alternative new technique of Visopan screen microscope for textile scans and Determination of volumetric density and the relative weight of the components of the tissue for 2012

- Ceramic Water Filters

- Production and purification the enzyme glucose Aazomez of isolated local bacteria with studying some of properties and its usage in corn syrup and solution of pure glucose

- Design, Manufacture and Test a device to Measure the Length of Alsarcomir in muscle Fibers for Various Kinds of Meat

- Faculty members of College of Engineering at Baghdad university get Patent

- remove cadmium from contaminated water by electrochemical deposition using tubes of stainless steel package

- Bacterial technology to produce fertilizers Alvesfo - vital and some other elements o fphosphate and whey rock.

- The use of IRAQI METHOD ( uropygiaectomy ) to improve the Fertility and Hatchability in broiler breeded flocks .

- Locally preperd synbiotic and used it for early feeding for broiler chicks

- Local prepared for Automatically machine for loading the liquid material .

- The use of uropygialectomy ( IRAQI METHOD ) to improve broiler performance

- The use of uropygialectomy ( IRAQI METHOD ) to improve sexual activity of cocks

- Surgical removal of uropygial gland ( IRAQI METHOD ) to convert the sterile hen ( non-layer ) to high egg produce hen

- The Treatment of the Collapse of the Gypsum soil by Injection of Ekrelite

- Patent for two Professors of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Baghdad.

- Two professors from the Faculty of Agriculture received a patent.

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